Developed a binderless, nanoflake cathode using hydrated vanadium pentoxide, a promising material for rechargeable batteries that demonstrated good electrochemical performance
Prototyped a two-plate wireless capacitive power transfer system that can transfer 220W power across 2m with 60% efficiency, significantly higher than current state-of-the-art
Clockwise from left: Computer rendering of connected and automated vehicles in an urban development; A high-efficiency, clean internal combustion engine R&D platform; Battery material being tested in a Thermogravimetric Analyzer
The United States and China are the world’s largest automobile markets and oil consumers, both importing more than half the oil they consume. Over the long-term, much of the energy-consuming infrastructure of the 21st century, including future vehicle fleets, has yet to be built and therefore will benefit from accelerated development of clean vehicle technologies.
The CERC Clean Vehicles Consortium (CERC CVC) seeks to contribute to dramatic improvements in technologies with the potential to reduce the dependence of vehicles on oil and reduce emissions. It aims to build a foundation of knowledge, technologies, human capabilities, and relationships in mutually beneficial areas that will position the United States and China for a future with highly efficient clean vehicles that have very low environmental impacts.
The consortium aims to be the leading U.S.-China effort in the clean vehicle arena by performing both long-range transformational and translational research to bring discoveries and technologies to market. Successful demonstration of CVC technologies will involve strategic partners from industry in the United States and China, including leading OEMs in the transportation and energy sectors, suppliers, and innovation companies. Dr. Don Hillebrand from Argonne National Laboratory leads the U.S. consortium, and Dr. Minggao Ouyang from Tsinghua University leads the Chinese consortium.
The U.S. and Chinese consortia have agreed to a Joint Work Plan (Bilingual PDF) to significantly advance clean vehicle technologies, in both China and the United States. U.S. and Chinese officials simultaneously agreed to a Technology Management Plan (TMP) (Bilingual PDF) regarding intellectual property rights. The Agreement (English PDF Chinese PDF) protects American and Chinese research, scientists, and engineers by ensuring their intellectual property rights for the technology they create.
Scientists are conducting research on rechargeable lithium-ion battery and energy storage systems to help develop the next generation of advanced batteries, which are essential for expansion of the electrification of vehicles and grids.
Research is focused on electrified powertrains, energy conversion devices, and vehicle optimization. Researchers are evaluating the impact of powertrain options, component sizes and technology alternatives on energy, cost and greenhouse gases for specific driving patterns both in the U.S. and China; exploring high-efficiency engine combustion systems and low-temperature combustion systems accounting for regional usage patterns while adhering to constraints such as available fuel options and blending practices; and researching design methods for vehicle light-weighting.
The overarching focus is to assess the energy impact of connected and automated vehicles through transportation system, infrastructure, and shared mobility. Researchers from U.S. and China are assessing the energy impact of shared mobility for multiple market penetration levels and powertrain technologies; using on-road vehicle test data to understand the impact on driver behavior; and evaluating the impact of transit options. Technologies that enable connected and automated electric vehicles and connection with infrastructure (e.g., wireless charging and vehicle-to-grid) will be developed and assessed. The charging infrastructure will be assessed through multiple charging technology options.
Researchers are assessing technology impacts in terms of energy and environmental benefits of deploying technologies such as plug-in electric vehicles in the U.S. and China; studying consumer driving behavior and advanced vehicle market potential; and examining enabling mechanisms such as policies, standards/protocols, and demonstrations to help technologies move from lab to the market.
Researchers are advancing outcome-based codes; data transparency policies; an open-source audit tool; and new financing mechanisms to expand the global market for energy efficiency technologies by $60 billion annually by 2025.