Clockwise from top left: Staged pressurized oxy combustion demonstration; CO2 capture set up; Plasma crack gasification test being performed at WVU; Pre-combustion CO2 capture demonstration unit
As the United States and China transition to a low-carbon economy, coal will remain in the energy mix. CERC’s Advanced Coal Technology Consortium (CERC ACTC) focuses on R&D that will help enable the continued use of coal as a strategic, economic, and secure fuel—while enhancing environmental protection. James Wood from West Virginia University leads the U.S. consortium. Dr. Zheng Chuguang of Huazhong University of Science and Technology leads the China consortium.
These two Advanced Coal Technology Consortia (collectively, the CERC ACTC) have agreed to a Memorandum of Agreement (Bilingual PDF) to significantly advance technology in the area of clean coal, including carbon capture, utilization, and storage, in both China and the United States.
U.S. and Chinese officials agreed to a Technology Management Plan (TMP) (Bilingual PDF) regarding intellectual property rights. The Agreement (English PDF Chinese PDF) protects American and Chinese research, scientists, and engineers by ensuring their intellectual property rights for the technology they create.
Researchers are studying advanced ultra-supercritical, coal-fired power generation technology; understanding the reaction kinetics and heat transfer properties of pressurized oxygen combustion systems; and examining the feasibility of chemical looping combustion systems for simultaneous power generation and carbon capture by studying various oxygen carrier systems.
Researchers from the U.S. and China are sharing knowledge regarding the planning and construction of large CCS demonstrations plants; improving performance of CO2 capture systems; and facilitating bilateral cooperative techno-economic analyses of CCUS technologies and issues.
Researchers are conducting feasibility and engineering studies for the design and demonstration of active reservoir management through the use of CO2 enhanced water recovery; developing a framework for a commercial-scale integrated demonstration project including CO2 utilization (enhanced oil recovery), displaced fluid treatment, and geological storage; and demonstrating a large-scale CO2 utilization technology using selected algal strains at a 3-acre facility co-located with a coal gasification plant.
Based on the work conducted in its first phase, CERC partners are focusing their research on new coal stage conversion polygeneration technologies; combined pyrolysis, gasification and combustion; and advanced coal gasification processes. Working with the private sector, researchers will develop design theory and methods for demonstration of these new coal conversion technologies and demonstrate some of these technologies at industrial scale.
Researchers are developing the science and modeling capability for industry, researchers, and policy makers to understand how CCUS technology could be integrated with capacity generation decisions. Researchers are modeling strategies for operation optimization of coal-fired power plants with a wide range of generation loads developing decision support tools that will explore pathways for implementing CCUS technology; and evaluating new solvent formulations for removal of CO2 from flue gas in various power plant configurations including natural gas combined cycle plants.